Recently I came into a situation where I want to migrate one database to another. Once from sqlite to PostgreSQL & another from MariaDB (MySQL) to PostgreSQL. Both were not production level apps.
Taking a database dump and importing it into others won’t work because of data type issues & various syntax errors.
The only way it worked for me is by using the
sequel gem. It will work in just 2 commands if the data is simple.
gem install sequel pg sqlite3 sequel -CE sqlite:~/code/data.db postgres://<db_username>:<db_password>@<db_host>/<db_name>
Unfortunately, my second migration was not that simple. It had some blob and hit with encoding issue.
I tried to fix this by changing the Postgres configuration
bytea_output = 'escape' # hex, escape
It didn’t work for me. So I have to write a small script to remove the escape sequence & update it back in MySQL.
require "sequel" DB = Sequel.connect "mysql2://root:root@localhost/<db_name>" co = DB[:table_name] co.each do | ob | if (ob[:field_name]) co.where(id: ob[:id]).update(field_name: ob[:field_name].gsub("\\,", "")) end end
With this updated data, sequel import worked fine.
gem install sequel pg mysql2 sequel -CE mysql2://root:root@localhost/<db_name> postgres://<db_username>:<db_password>@<db_host>/<db_name>
sequel because I had a ruby development environment already set up on my machine.
If you are a python dev, you can take a look into pgloader for the same.
If you have found any other way or found any issue on migrating, please let me know via comments.